Cindy Sherman

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Cindy Sherman
Born January 19, 1954
Glen Ridge, New Jersey
Nationality American
Field photographer
Training State University of New York
Famous works Complete Untitled Film Stills, 1977-1980
Awards MacArthur Fellowships

Cindy Sherman (born January 19, 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey) is an American photographer and film director known for her conceptual self-portraits. Sherman currently works in New York.


  • 1 Early years
  • 2 Photographic career
    • 2.1 The Untitled Film Stills
  • 3 Film career
  • 4 Awards
  • 5 Popular culture
  • 6 Books
    • 6.1 Interviews
  • 7 Film and Video
  • 8 External links

Early years

Sherman grew up in Huntington, New York on Long Island. She was educated at Buffalo State College, enrolling in the basic studio courses - drawing, painting and photography. Sherman initially failed the required photography class (due to difficulties with the subject's technical side), and decided to focus on her major of painting. Later, however, Sherman studied with a photography instructor (Barbara Jo Revelle) who inspired her to 'just take pictures'. Sherman decided she found the immediacy of photography more appealing than trying to paint perfect copies of things, and switched majors.

Cover of Cindy Sherman's The Complete Untitled Film Stills
Cover of Cindy Sherman's The Complete Untitled Film Stills

Photographic career

Sherman works in series, typically photographing herself in a range of costumes. For example, in her landmark 69 photograph series, the Complete Untitled Film Stills, (1977-1980) Sherman appeared as B-movie, foreign film and film noir style actresses. Sherman's most recent series, dated 2003, features her as clowns. Although Sherman does not consider her work feminist, many of her photo-series, like the 1981 "Centerfolds," call attention to the stereotyping of women in films, television and magazines.

In response to cuts to NEA funding and attempts to censor photographers Robert Mapplethorpe and Andres Serrano, in 1989 Sherman produced the Sex series. These photographs featured pieced-together medical dummies in flagrante delicto. Like much of Sherman's work, many critics find the series both disturbing and funny. Many art critics consider Sherman to be not only the most successful female photographer of the modern era, but one of the most successful artists of either genders in the late twentieth century with as much influence on younger artists as did Andy Warhol in his era.

The Untitled Film Stills

The Untitled Film Stills are all black and white photos in which Sherman places herself as an unnamed actress in shots reminiscent of foreign films, Hollywood pictures, B-movies, and film noir. Sherman used her own possesions as props, or sometimes borrowed, as in Untitled Film Still #11 in which the doggy pillow belongs to a friend. The shots were also largely taken in her own apartment. The Unititled Film Stills fall into several distinct groups:

  • The first six are grainy and slightly out of focus (eg. Untitled #4), and each of the 'roles' appears to be played by the same blonde actress.
  • The next group was taken in 1978 at Robert Longo's family beach house on the north fork of Long Island. (Sherman met Longo during her sophomore year, and they were a couple until late 1979)
  • Later in 1978, Sherman began taking shots in outdoor locations around the city. Eg. Unititled Film Still #21
  • Sherman later returned to her apartment, preferring to work from home. She created her version of a Sophia Loren character from the movie Two Women. (Eg. Unititled Film Still #35 (1979))
  • She took several photographs in the series while preparing for a trip to Arizona with her parents. Untitled Film Still #48 (1979), also known as The Hitchhiker, was shot at sunset one evening during the trip.
  • The remainder of the series was shot around New York, like Unititled #54, often featuring a blonde victim typical of film noir.

Film career

Sherman has also worked as a film director; her first film was Office Killer in 1997, starring Jeanne Tripplehorn, Molly Ringwald and Carol Kane. She played a cameo role in John Waters' film, Pecker.


In 1995, Sherman was the recipient of one of the prestigious MacArthur Fellowships, popularly known as the "Genius Awards." This fellowship grants $500,000 over five years, no strings attached, to important scholars in a wide range of fields, to encourage their future creative work.

Popular culture

In 2006, Sherman created a series of fashion advertisements for designer Marc Jacobs. The advertisements themselves were photographed by photographer Juergen Teller and released as a monograph on April the 4th by Rizzoli.

Sherman has been referenced by the electroclash artists Chicks on Speed in the track "Spoken by Stephanie from Marseille, Yes I Do" from the 2000 K Records album The Re-Releases of the Un-Releases. The song refers to Sherman through the lyrics, " more faces than Cindy Sherman." Sherman was also the topic of the song "Cindy of a Thousand Lives", from Billy Bragg's 1991 album "Don't Try This at Home". The Cherry Poppin' Daddies' song "Grand Mal" contains this reference to Sherman's work: "She takes Cindy Sherman pictures/And she cuts herself."

She's also the subject of The Shermans' song, "Cindy Sherman". A documentary, "Guest of Cindy Sherman" is currently in the works about the travails of artist/videographer Paul H-O and his relationship with the great artist (to air on the Sundance Channel in 2008). The feature documentary is directed by H-O and Tom Donahue.

Cindy Sherman is credited in the 'thanks' section of Tiny Colour Movies by British artist and musician John Foxx.


  • (2006) in Johanna Burton (ed.): Cindy Sherman. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-52463-5. 
  • (2007) Cindy Sherman: A Play of Selves.Hatje Cantz. ISBN 978-3775719421.
  • (2006) Cindy Sherman: Working Girl.Contemporary Art Museum, St. Louis. ISBN 978-0971219588.
  • (2004) Cindy Sherman: Centerfolds. Skarstedt Fine Art. ISBN 0-9709090-2-0.
  • (2003) Cindy Sherman: The Complete Untitled Film Stills. Museum of Modern Art. ISBN 0-87070-507-5.
  • (2002) Elisabeth Bronfen, Cindy Sherman: Photographic Works 1975-1995 (Paperback). Schirmer/Mosel. ISBN 3-88814-809-X.
  • (2001) Early Work of Cindy Sherman. Glenn Horowitz Bookseller. ISBN 0-9654020-3-7.
  • (2000) Leslie Sills, In Real Life: Six Women Photographers. Holiday House. ISBN 0-8234-1498-1.
  • (2000) Amanda Cruz, Cindy Sherman: Retrospective (Paperback). Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0-500-27987-X.
  • (1999) Essential, The: Cindy Sherman. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., ISBN 0-8109-5808-2.
  • (1999) Shelley Rice (ed.) Inverted Odysseys: Claude Cahun, Maya Deren, Cindy Sherman. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-68106-4.


  • An Interview with Betsy Berne and pictures by Cindy Sherman, Tate Magazine

Film and Video

  • Cindy Sherman [videorecording] : Transformations. by Paul Tschinkel; Marc H Miller; Sarah Berry; Stan Harrison; Cindy Sherman; Helen Winer; Peter Schjeldahl; Inner-Tube Video. 2002, 28 minutes, Color. NY: Inner-Tube Video.
  • Interview with Cindy Sherman
  • 1985 Review by Elsa Dorfman
  • "The Complete Untitled Film Stills" exhibition (1997) at The Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • Cindy Sherman in artfacts
  • Masters of Photography
  • Cindy Sherman new exhibition and artnews
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